Purpose of the event
The Scottish Government is organising a series of workshops of the future of European Territorial Cooperation Programmes, also known as the Interreg and Urbact programmes. This is an excellent opportunity for organisations who have previously taken part in these programmes, or those interested in Scotland’s future relationship with other countries, to makes their views heard. The areas the Scottish Government are especially keen to understand better are:
- What are stakeholders’ interests in working with other countries through future European Territorial Cooperation programmes?
- If necessary, what areas or partner countries should Scottish stakeholders prioritise?
The Scottish Government will also provide stakeholders with an update on the work they are doing regarding Interreg, and planned next steps.
What are European Territorial Cooperation Programmes?
Scotland currently takes part in seven different European Territorial Cooperation programmes. These programmes give funding to organisations from different countries to work together on projects which help achieve the aims of the programme. Typically these projects support partners in undertaking joint activities in tackling shared problems and challenges. Since 2014, there have been approximately 140 projects approved in Scotland, worth almost €70 million. See here for examples of Interreg projects being delivered across our area.
What about post-Brexit?
Non-EU countries like Norway currently take part in European Territorial Cooperation programmes. Therefore, provided there is an agreement in place between the UK Government and the EU, the UK could continue to be part of these programmes post 2020. The Scottish Government values the opportunities that European Territorial Cooperation Programmes give organisations in Scotland and is committed to continuing to take part. However, the UK Government has yet to make a commitment to taking part in European Territorial Cooperation Programmes post 2020.
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Scottish organisations still in the dark on what will replace almost €1b in EU Structural Funds
ESEC chair Councillor Will Dawson has written to Liz Truss MP, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, in order to seek assurances in relation to the UK Shared Prosperity Fund (SPF), the financial framework which the UK Government has confirmed will replace EU Structural Funds. Structural Funds in Scotland are worth up to €941 million from 2014-20 for use in economic development. It has also been confirmed by the government that final decisions on the fund are due to be made at the Spending Review, which is expected this autumn.
In the letter, Cllr Dawson shared the concerns felt strongly among local authorities regarding the delay to the consultation on the SPF, which was expected by the end of 2018 but which never materialised. Even if the consultation was launched by the end of this month, and assuming it is open for twelve weeks, that would leave only a couple of months for the government to review the responses and draft a programme incorporating the expertise and recommendations contained in the submissions.
Furthermore, the letter stressed that any further delay could lead to a loss of skills and expertise, as current employees consider their future prospects. As the existing programmes come to a conclusion, including ERDF, ESF, EMFF and LEADER, staff working with these funds are in the dark as to what comes next. If the UK Government does not provide information on the successor programme, and soon, then there is the potential of losing a lot of very knowledgeable people who will seek opportunities elsewhere.
Commenting on the urgency of the situation and the need for the UK Government to act, Cllr Dawson said “No matter your views on Brexit, there can be no doubt that the UK Shared Prosperity Fund offers a genuine opportunity to deliver a programme which is free of the bureaucracy of its predecessor programmes and which has a simplified administrative structure, making it accessible to all, while addressing both need and opportunity. Therefore it is a matter of huge importance that the consultation process is thorough, and genuine, and incorporates the recommendations of those delivering EU-funded projects. We therefore urge the government launch the consultation as a matter of priority.”
The East of Scotland European Consortium (ESEC) welcomes the report on the UK Shared Prosperity Fund (UKSPF) from the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Post-Brexit funding for Nations, Regions and Local Areas.
In the period of 2014-20, Scotland will have received €476 million from the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) and €465 million from the European Social Fund (ESF). The UK government has proposed that the Shared Prosperity Fund replaces this investment, but as of yet there has been no further detail on the allocation, management, or delivery.
The APPG report is positive and recognises the expertise of local authorities in delivering EU-funded projects for the benefit or their communities. We would like to highlight the following recommendations from the report as being in line with our own position:
- The budget for the UKSPF needs to be no less, in real terms, than the EU funding it replaces. This would be £1.5 billion a year, but just for ESF and ERDF. To also cover the European Maritime Fisheries Fund (EMFF) and the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), the budget would need to be proportionally larger; in addition, the existing shares for the four nations of the UK should be rolled forward.
- The UKSPF should operate on the basis of multi-annual financial allocations to allow for the proper planning and implementation of projects; lengthy financial allocations of this kind do not fit neatly with UK Spending Reviews but in the context of regional and local economic development there is considerable merit in lengthier spending programmes.
- The UK Government should not earmark parts of the pot for specific areas within the devolved nations – the allocation of funding to local areas should be a devolved matter;
- There should be no role for competition between areas for funding as this is as a waste of time and resource for those delivering projects;
- Local partners should be given flexibility to define the types of projects on which the UKSPF is spent, as long as the activities remain consistent with the wider objectives of the Fund;
- EU funding can be very bureaucratic and there is a strong need to simplify administrative processes; government departments need to devolve more responsibility (and trust) to local players such as local authorities, especially where well-proven administrative structures are in place.
We look forward to responding to the UK government’s own consultation when it is launched later this year, and we hope some of these recommendations are reflected in the content.
To read the report and the individual submissions, including that of ESEC, please see here – https://www.postbrexitappg.org/
Fife joins Dundee and Angus Councils in calling on government to stay in Interreg post-Brexit
Fife Council has adopted a motion in support of the United Kingdom remaining in the EU Interreg funding programme post-Brexit. The motion, which was approved unanimously, remits the council’s chief executive to write to the Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, Dominic Raab, in support of Interreg and to urge the UK government to commit to participating in the programme as a non-EU country. It follows similar motions which were recently approved by Dundee City and Angus Councils.
Interreg facilitates cooperation across borders and allows local authorities to research best practice, pilot new approaches and implement new policies by working with other organisations across the EU and other participating non-EU members. It is funded via the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). Since 2014, there have been 112 approved projects across Scotland with a total grant value of almost €58,000,000.
Fife Council is currently involved in 3 Interreg projects – CLIPPER, uNEET and RIGHT. The CLIPPER project is working to better support SMEs in the maritime sector as they diversify and change business practice to tackle new opportunities such as offshore renewable energy. The uNEET project aims to tackle the unemployment of young people and to respond to the recruitment difficulties faced by companies in the hospitality sector. The RIGHT project aims to design and test educational and training programmes to bridge the skills gap in a fast changing skills environment in emerging and growth sectors. The projects are worth a combined EU grant of approximately £650,000 to Fife Council. Other organisations to have received Interreg funding include Dundee and Angus College, the James Hutton Institute, the RSPB, Scottish Natural Heritage, Abertay University and NHS Scotland.
The motion was proposed by Councillor Altany Craik, the council’s representative on the board of the East of Scotland European Consortium (ESEC). Councillor Craik said “The motion was passed unopposed and without amendment which is a testament to the value of Interreg to our businesses and communities. The EU recognises the expertise which UK organisations bring to Interreg and has already confirmed we would be welcomed into the programme post-Brexit, the UK Government remains the only player in this field yet to confirm their position and we therefore call on them to do so with immediate effect.”
Text of Fife Council motion (motion 5) – https://www.fifedirect.org.uk/uploadfiles/publications/c64_AgendaPapersFC041018.pdf
Angus Council and Dundee City Council call on government to stay in Interreg post-Brexit
Dundee City Council and Angus Council have both adopted motions in support of the United Kingdom remaining in the EU Interreg funding programme post-Brexit. The motions, which were approved unanimously, remit the councils’ chief executives to write to the Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, Dominic Raab, in support of Interreg and to urge the UK government to commit to participating in the programme as a non-EU country.
The motions highlight the importance of the Interreg programme to Local Authorities as it allows them to research best practice, pilot new approaches and implement new policies by working with other organisations across the EU and other participating non-EU members.
Dundee City Council is currently involved in 2 Interreg projects (Create Converge and CultCreate) and Angus Council is involved in the Interreg project Like! which has a focus on digital innovation in the public sector. These projects are among several more being delivered by councils across Scotland. Other organisations which have received Interreg funding include Dundee and Angus College, the James Hutton Institute, the RSPB, Scottish Natural Heritage, Abertay University and NHS Scotland. Since 2014, there have been 112 approved projects in Scotland with a total grant value of almost €58,000,000.
The Angus Council motion was proposed by Councillor Ben Lawrie, the East of Scotland European Consortium (ESEC) chair.
Cllr Lawrie said “Councillors across Angus Council have varying views on Brexit, from strong anti-EU sentiments to the most pro-EU of positions. The fact that the motion was passed unanimously is a testament to the need for continued cooperation with our counterparts in Europe, even if we are no longer EU members.”
The Dundee City Council motion was proposed by Councillor Will Dawson, vice-chair of ESEC.
Cllr Dawson said “The European Commission has already opened the door to us staying in Interreg once we leave the EU, even before this issue is on the table during the Brexit negotiations. This is a testament to our value as partners in the programme. The ball is now in the court of the UK government to make this happen, and I’d also call on other councils and organisations which value Interreg to speak up. Now is the time.”
Text of Dundee City Council motion – https://www.dundeecity.gov.uk/reports/agendas/p&r200818pub.pdf
Text of Angus Council motion – http://www.angus.gov.uk/sites/angus-cms/files/2018-09/AngusCouncil_0.pdf
ESEC’s member councils have all been successful in securing further EU funding awards, from the Erasmus+ and ERDF programmes respectively.
All ESEC councils have schools in their areas which have been successful in securing Erasmus+ funding. These grants will support teachers in developing their modern language skills, which in turn enables the national 1+2 language policy which creates the conditions for every child to learn two languages in addition to their own mother tongue. The schools are; Bucksburn Academy (Aberdeen), Oldmachar Academy (Aberdeen), Torphins Primary School (Aberdeen), Lochside Primary School (Angus), Montrose Academy (Angus), Strathmore Primary School (Angus), Ancrum Road Primary School (Dundee), Harris Academy (Dundee), Balcurvie Primary School (Fife), Duloch Primary School (Fife), Moray Primary School (Falkirk), St Margaret’s Primary School (Falkirk), Glenlyon Primary School (Perth and Kinross), Bannockburn High School (Stirling), and Doune Primary School (Stirling). Since 2014, organisations across the ESEC area have secured more than €11 million in Erasmus+ funding.
Angus Council was also awarded Erasmus+ funding via the youth strand. The project Youth Wellbeing 4 All will facilitate a youth exchange which will bring together young people from two countries (Scotland and Italy) to begin to design their own mental health early intervention schemes and coping tools. The Dundee Football Club in the Community Trust was also successful in securing Erasmus+ youth funding for The Dees without Frontiers which will see 20 young people from Dundee spend time with the Cordoba Football Club community trust, in a series of workshops with a focus on health and well-being. The application was drafted with the support of Dundee City Council and ESEC.
ESEC members Angus, Dundee City and Stirling Councils were all awarded European Regional Development funding (ERDF) via the second round of the Low Carbon Travel and Transport (LCTT) challenge fund. The grants will allow the councils to expand their low-carbon and e-vehicle charging offerings, which in turn will provide commuters and residents with increased opportunities for low-carbon travel options. This adds to the successful bids in the first round of the LCTT fund, in which Dundee City, Falkirk, and Perth and Kinross Councils were all awarded funding.
See here for more information on Erasmus+ funding in the UK
See here for the project details for the LCTT ERDF awards
Angus Council and Fife Council host transnational Interreg delegations
This week Angus Council and Fife Council will both welcome international delegations and high-profile guests to their respective territories as part of separate Interreg projects. Interreg is the EU fund which supports crossborder and transnational cooperation, and is of particular importance for local authorities.
In Carnoustie, Angus Council will hold a mid-term conference on 5 July for its Interreg LIKE! project on digital innovation in the public sector. Speakers include Martyn Wallace, Chief Digital Officer at the Scottish Local Government Digital Office, Colin Birchnell, Chief Technology Officer at the Scottish Local Government Digital Office, and Kristina Reinsalu, Head of e-Democracy Domain at the e-Governance Academy in Estonia. 100 delegates from across Europe attended the conference.
Fife Council will lead a three day programme which starts on Tuesday with an update to partners and external stakeholders on its Interreg Clipper project, followed by a provost reception in Dunfermline. On Wednesday delegates will be taken on visits to the Fife Renewables Innovation Centre, Forth Ports and St Andrews. The programme will conclude on Thursday with a roundtable discussion with European Commission director Bernhard Friess, who will travel from Brussels especially for the occasion. Mr Friess is the Director of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries at the Commission.
Fife’s CLIPPER project is working to develop public policies to better support SMEs in the maritime sector as they diversify and change business practice to tackle new opportunities such as offshore renewable energy. This includes better understanding of newer financing platforms, such as crowdfunding to develop new sources of investment. It is one of three Interreg projects involving Fife Council, the other two being RIGHT and UNEET, which focus on developing skills in key growth sectors.
LIKE! is Angus Council’s first Interreg project, and is already having a great impact since it was first approved two years ago. As part of the project, the Angus Health and Social Care Partnership recently piloted a participatory budget event during which citizens in Montrose voted for local projects to address health and well-being priorities. Other pilots across the partnership include council/citizen chatbots, children’s services analytics, digital skills for employees, and hackathons for people with disabilities.
Along with the better known programmes Horizon 2020 and Erasmus Plus, Scottish organisations have done very well in securing Interreg funding. Since the start of the current programme (2014), there have been 112 approved projects in Scotland, totalling an EU investment of €57,914,558.
ESEC chair Councillor Ben Lawrie said “Interreg is an invaluable programme to councils, and not just in monetary terms. Interreg projects allow us to learn from our colleagues across Europe, and them from us. Leaving the EU does not necessarily mean an end to Interreg cooperation, as we could still participate as a third country as Norway does. Indeed, the European Commission recently agreed that the UK could opt-in post-Brexit thanks to the persuasive arguments made by our national body CoSLA. The ball is now in the UK government’s court, and we hope to see reference made to Interreg in the upcoming Brexit White Paper.”
At the end of March, the ESEC Policy Board and Officer Group went to Brussels on a Brexit fact-finding mission, the objective of the trip being to investigate how third country local authorities engage with the EU institutions. Board members included Cllr John Reynolds (Aberdeen City Council), Cllr Ben Lawrie (Angus Council), Cllr Will Dawson (Dundee City Council), Cllr Altany Craik (Fife Council), Cllr Peter Barrett (Perth and Kinross Council) and Cllr Scott Farmer (Stirling Council).
The three day meeting schedule was facilitated by Scotland Europa and CoSLA, and the delegation met with the Committee of the Regions (COR), the Scottish Government, Eurocities, the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR), the Norwegian Association of Local and Regional Authorities, Oslo Region European Office, the East of England European Partnership, MEPs David Martin and Catherine Stihler, the Swiss Mission to the EU, DG Regio of the European Commission, the North Sea Commission, and the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions (CPMR).
Some of our findings:
- 3rd country status does not necessarily mean pulling up the drawbridge to the EU. Norway has a large presence in Brussels and its local government association provides training and job shadowing opportunities to councillors in order to help them better understand the EEA and EU. Switzerland also has a large presence, with 55 members of staff at the Swiss Mission.
- Brexit is high on the agenda for many other local authorities and regional bodies in the UK, with a particular focus preparing for what happens post-2020, and ensuring the collective voices of local government is taken into account during the design of the UK Shared Prosperity fund, which will replace the bulk of EU funding.
- Many 3rd countries participate in transnational programmes such as Erasmus+, Interreg and Horizon 2020, although there are different models for doing so. In order to make our case for continued participation in these funds post-Brexit, we need to showcase our many successes in these projects, and the impacts they have had via case studies.
- Discussions around the next EU budget (2021-28) have already started and will begin in earnest when the European Commission adopts its proposals on 2 May. Even though we will no longer be EU members when this budget comes into force, we should still feed our views and expertise into the negotiation process.
ESEC chair Cllr Ben Lawrie said of the trip “Our fact-finding mission provided a great opportunity to explore how other non-EU countries maintain cooperation with the EU. It was encouraging to see non-EU states like Norway participating in important programmes such as INTERREG and we are hopeful that something similar can be arranged for Britain post-Brexit.”
We are drafting a more detailed report from our visit. In the meantime, you can see more of our thoughts on the trip via our Twitter posts.
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